Phone (513) 251-5500
October 20th, 2011

Gum Disease 101

Category: Uncategorized

Seventy five percent of adult Americans suffer from it…but when someone says “periodontal disease,” do you know what it means and whether or not it’s preventable?

What Does “Periodontal Disease” Mean?

For starters, periodontal disease is simply a fancy term for gum disease. Gingivitis and periondontitis are two types of gum disease that fall under this heading.

If a person experiences gum disease in its milder form, it’s called gingivitis. Thankfully, this stage of periodontal disease is reversible, if treated. Signs you may have gingivitis include red and swollen gums that may bleed easily at this stage.

A usually more serious and destructive gum disease is called periodontitis. At this stage, the inflammation has spread to deeper tissue, your gum has receded, and small spaces exist between your teeth and gums. When it comes to the stage of gum disease known as periodontitis, “pockets” have formed where debris can collect and can cause infection, which is why this form of gum disease is more serious.

Not surprisingly, when the health of your gum suffers, there can be several unwanted side effects. These include tooth infections, teeth decay, loose teeth, and actual loss of teeth. In extreme cases, infections from the mouth can spread to other parts of your face or body.

How Do I Prevent Gum Disease?

The good news about periodontal disease is that it’s preventable, which means this is one oral health issue you can’t blame on your parents (at least, in most cases)!

The short and simple answer for how dental disease is caused: bacteria infecting your mouth. Daily maintenance is key to combat the more than 20 different types of bacteria that can live there — a place they thrive in because it’s wet, dark, and warm!

Since whenever we eat, we bring the very food bacteria lives on into our mouths, we want to take on good habits that can kill these bacteria. A few of these good habits that can help remove plaque and prevent bacteria from multiplying in the mouth:

  • Gently brushing your teeth and tongue after meals
  • Flossing your teeth
  • Utilizing mouthwash
  • Visiting your dentist for a cleaning

To read more about gingivitis and periondontitis, visit these sources:

If you’d like to setup an appointment with Hagen Dental, give us a call at 513.251.5500. And if you’d like to learn more about us, simply visit the About Us page on our website or stop in our office. Or, visit us on Twitter or Facebook!

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